Fakhriddin KushanovNational University , Uzbekistan
Title: DNA-barcoding of some perspective Uzbek winter wheat varieties
The development of genetic barcoding for one of the most important food products, such as wheat, based on DNA barcoding for breeders around the world, allows the varieties they have created to be reliably identified. For this reason, studying wheat at the molecular level and conducting research provides a fast and reliable result. To date, the development of a genetic passport for varieties related to wheat breeding in Uzbekistan makes it possible to confirm and protect the rights of the authors of the variety at the international level. Genetic studies of local wheat varieties help to determine the diversity of the obtained breeding material, establish their phylogenetic relationships, crossing of varieties, and genetic certification. The purpose of the research is to analyze the morphobiological and genetic diversity of local wheat varieties, determine the phylogenetic relationships between varieties and develop an individual genetic passport of varieties based on the DNA barcoding method.
The scientific novelty of the study lies in the fact that: wheat varieties selected for research have stable characteristics; the genetic diversity of wheat was studied using high-potential SSR markers; revealed polymorphism and heterozygosity of SSR markers in domestic wheat varieties; the genetic distance between domestic wheat varieties was confirmed by constructing their phylogenetic tree; a standard panel of SSR markers was developed for genetic certification of domestic wheat varieties; for the first time, a genetic passport of domestic wheat varieties was developed using the DNA barcode method; the developed genetic passports were presented to the authors of wheat varieties.
Fakhriddin Kushanov has completed his PhD at the age of 31 years and DSc at the age of 40 years from Institute of Genetics and Plants Experimental Biology (IGPEB), Uzbekistan. He is the head of cotton experimental polyploidy and phylogeny of IGPEB, Uzbekistan. He has over 300 publications that have been cited 250 times, and his publication h-index is 6. He has been serving as an editorial board member of several reputed journals.