Nutrition begins with foodNutrition is that the process by which the physical body nourishes itself by transforming intake foods into energy and body tissues. The science of nutrition concerns everything the body does with food to hold on its functions. Food provides essential substances called nutrients. The body needs these nutrients to assist it make energy; to grow, repair, and maintain its tissues; and to stay its different systems working smoothly. Nutrition is vital for all organisms. However, this text will specialize in nutrition because it applies to the physical body.

·         Food Nutraceutical
·         Food Nutrition and Dietary supplement
·         Diabetic Nutrition
·         Nutrition Health Aging
The term nutrition also can ask the standard of someone’s food choices, or diet. A diet is one during which foods eaten on a daily basis provide all the nutrients needed within the right amounts. A diet has many benefits. It can help people feel and appearance their best. It also can help them stay energetic and healthy, both within the short term and later in life.
Food Microbiology includes the study of microorganisms causing food spoilage; also as, pathogens which will cause disease especially if food is badly cooked or stored. It includes microorganisms that have both beneficial and deleterious effects on food quality and safety to public health. Thorough preparation of food, including proper cooking, eliminates most bacteria and viruses within the food. However, toxins produced by contaminants might not be susceptible to change to non-toxic forms by heating or cooking the contaminated food. Temperature plays very crucial role to regulate microbial growth. To make sure safety of food products, some microbiological tests like testing for pathogens and spoilage organisms is required. During this way the danger of contamination under normal usage conditions are often examined and gastrointestinal disorder are often prevented.

·         Biochemical changes in Food
·         Browning reactions in food
·         Enzymes in food
·         Food Testing
·         Bio deterioration of food
·         Microbial Aspects of Food Quality and Spoilage
·         Microbial Ecosystems and organic phenomenon

Food Biochemistry is that the study of the breakdown of sustenance within the cell as a wellspring of energy
Food Bioactive compounds are extra nutritional constituents that typically occur in small quantities in foods. In summary, numerous bioactive compounds appear to have beneficial health effects. Much scientific research needs to be conducted before we can begin to make science-based dietary recommendations.

Food Additives are substances primarily added to processed foods, or other foods produced on an industrial scale, for technical purposes, e.g. to improve safety, increase the amount of time a food can be stored, or modify sensory properties of food.

·         Food Structure & Quality
·         Food Stabilizing Agents
·         Food Colorant & Emulsifiers
·         Food Sensory & Flavor Enhancers
·         Need & Risk Analysis for Food Additives
·         Food Carbohydrates & Food Lipid: Structures & it’s Interacti
Functional Foods are people who have a potentially positive effect on health beyond basic Nutrition. They need been found to market optimal health and also help in reducing the danger of disease. Nutraceuticals may be a food or a part of a food that gives medicinal or health benefits like prevention and treatment of disease. Nutraceuticals are often either a naturally nutrient-rich or a medicinally active food.

·         Nutritional development 
·         Bioengineered foods
·         Dietary supplements
·         Pharmacology and toxicology
Nutrition therapy may be a comprehensive treatment offering a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions including addiction and alcoholic abuse. It’s complete through a trained diet discover and control by a dietician, medical professional, or professional nutritionist. Diets are generally based upon the consolidation of medical history, physical examination, and fast history. Operating under the assumption that a lot of medical positions could also be made worse by poor diet, nutrition therapy aims to appropriate or treat drug and alcoholism through healthy, monitored eating. If you’re difficulty from drug and alcoholism, this sort of therapy could also be excellent to you.

·         Medical Nutrition Therapy
·         Amino Acid Nutrition Therapy
·         Cognitive Nutrition Therapy
·         Nutritional Therapy
Obesity may be a growing concern because being overweight is widely considered a serious risk factor for metabolic syndrome, disorder, and premature death. Although the mechanisms for this weight gain haven't been entirely elucidated, dietary factors could also be important within the development of obesity. Diet consists of combinations of foods, and these individual components may have interactive or synergistic effects that make studying dietary factors in isolation difficult. Dietary patterns that represent a mixture of foods could also be more strongly related to disease risk than a private food and nutrient. Previous studies have reported that dietary patterns that are high in fruits, vegetables, and fibre could be related to a reduced risk of obesity.
·         Obesity and its Treatment
·         Areas of Adipose Fat Distribution
·         Dietary Modification and Exercise Pattern
·         Behaviours Modification
·         Underweight and its treatment
Quality control  is the process of checking the quality of products and services after the company has produced them. This involves examining products and processes to make sure they meet certain standards.
Quality assurance is the process of ensuring that products and services meet certain standards before they ship to customers. This involves developing processes and procedures that keep quality high during production and ensure that products meet the quality standards set by QA managers. 

·  Processed food
·  Finding a buyer for that batch of food
Dairy science emphasized the essential sciences that underpin foodstuff manufacture and dairy production management. They included specific detail on the character of dairy products, milk, cream, butter and related fat products, fermented milk products like cheese and yogurt, dried and concentrated products, frozen products, and dairy desserts, and therefore the industrial technologies in manufacturing dairy foods and in managing production. Basic science courses in dairy production programs include chemistry, biochemistry, animal biology, plant biology, and microbiology, with specialist courses including dairy cow evaluation, genetics and breeding, physiology of reproduction, physiology of lactation, ruminant nutrition, ration formulation, forages and pastures, and dairy management. 
·         Dairy Products
·         Chemistry and Technology of Milk and Dairy Products
·         Trends in Dairy science
·         Quality Control and Management of Dairy Products
·         Analytical Methods in Dairy Science
·         Dairy Science in Food Business
·         Dairy Science and Associated Diseases

Right nutrition from the babyhood of life is that the backbone of a healthy lifestyle. Child's diet is significant to support their normal growth and development, aside from that it also enhances their system, and develops lifelong eating habits.

·         Pediatric Nutrition and Obesity
·         Pediatrics and Neonatal Nutrition
·         Importance of Child Nutrition
·         Pediatrics & Parenteral Nutrition
·         Breast Feeding
Prebiotics and Probiotics each have their own role to play within the battle for better gut health. But to clear things up, here’s a handy guide for every term:
Probiotics: Living strains of bacteria that increase the population of excellent bacteria in your gastrointestinal system.
Prebiotics: Specialized plant fiber that acts as food for the great bacteria. This stimulates growth among the preexisting good bacteria.

·         Chicory root
·         Dandelion greens
·         Onions
·         Bananas
·         Butter Milk
·         Oats
·         Barley
Nutrition is employed to review the Physical and Chemical structure of nutrients and other substances in food to extend maintenance, reproduction, health, and disease of an organism. Nutrition studies communication between living organisms and food. Nutrients are objects in food supplement required by the body for growth, energy and maintenance. 

Exercise, healthy living practices, and alternative medical treatments also are often accepted by Health Choice. 
Sports Nutrition may be a rapidly growing field of study that mixes knowledge of exercise science and human nutrition. Kinesiology is that the study of motion or human movement. Utilizations of kinesiology in human-wellbeing incorporate physical training educator, fitness, rehabilitation, and safety, health advancement, working environments, exercise, sport and enterprises.
Healthcare is that the prevention, diagnosis and other mental and physical impairments in public treatment for breakdown. Physicians are the part of healthcare professionals. Dentistry, pharmacy, occupational and physiotherapy, midwifery, nursing, psychology, medicine and therefore the other healthcare professions are the part of healthcare system. Healthcare Management is related to management skills, health care systems, hospitals, and hospital networks. The organization of one institute is additionally mentioned as Health service management.

Food engineering reviews cover all engineering conditions of today’s food research project and therefore the food industry. Coverage establishes on a classic also as current novel food engineering topics, exploring such crucial factors because the health, nutritional, and environmental aspects of food preparation. The method requires synthetically created DNA that mimics commonly occurring DNA in other organisms. Scientists take the gene for a coveted trait in one plant or animal, and that they insert that gene into a cell of another plant or animal. Some people need to assert concerns about commonly engineered foods, such as: Creating foods which will cause an allergy or that are harmful, Unexpected or harmful genetic changes, Genes moving from one GM plant or animal to a different plant or animal that's not commonly engineered, foods that are less nutritious This avoids announce other genes with undesirable traits. Gene-splicing also helps in speeding up the method of making new foods with covet traits.
Clinical nutrition is that the act of investigating if a private is consuming a sufficient measure of supplements permanently wellbeing. A clinical nutritionist cares with how supplements in food are processed, stored and disposed of by your body, alongside how what you eat influences your overall well-being. Experts during this field evaluate your nutritional needs hooked in to your family and medical record, lifestyle and laboratory tests so on make proposals on your eating routine and individual dietary needs.
Food security occurs when all people are ready to access enough safe and nutritious food to satisfy their requirements for a healthy life, in ways the earth can sustain into the longer term. However, food security faces variety of challenges across both production and consumption which research are going to be essential to solve.
Many countries face the double burden of hunger and under nutrition alongside overweight and obesity, with one in three people across the world currently affected by some sort of malnutrition. Indeed its commonplace to seek out people with different sorts of malnutrition living side-by-side in one country, in one community, or maybe within the same household.
·         New or novel raw materials including bioactive compounds
·         Ingredients and technologies
·         Molecular, micro- and macro-structure
·         New developments in food engineering
·         Rapid techniques for online control
·         Novel processing and packaging technologies
·         Quality assurance methods and application of omics techniques
·         Risk assessment of both biological and non-biological hazards in food
·         Food allergies and intolerances
·         Food function and relationships between diet and disease
·         Consumer attitudes to food and risk assessment.
To conclude, both nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals are made with an intent to prevent, cure or treat a disease. But they vary in their origin as pharmaceuticals are synthetically made medicines but nutraceuticals may contain natural extract of food components.

A nutraceutical supplement may have an amino acid, vitamin, mineral, herb extract, or combination of several ingredients, for example, fish oil, green tea, ginseng extract, omega 3, etc. The goal is to naturally make our body stronger in order to fight an illness or minimise the probability of its occurrence.

Pharmaceutical products are of different segments like specifically for renal disorders, cardiovascular or neurological disorders, etc. But nutraceutical products are promoted for the general well-being of all in order to prevent the disease.

•  Pharmaceutical formulation
•  Pharmaceutical nanotechnology
•  Toxicology
Veterinary nutraceutical medicine has been defined as the use of micronutrients, macronutrients and other nutritional supplements as therapeutic agents’(American Veterinary Medical Association, 1999). Integrative veterinary medicine (IVM) blends the use of conventional therapies such as pharmaceuticals with diet and nutraceuticals to address health conditions, as well as to optimize wellness in patients.

•  Animal Medicine
•  Fishers
• Animal Nutrition

Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous medicine or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within the folk beliefs of various societies, including indigenous peoples, before the era of modern medicine.

According to the WHO Global Report on Traditional and Complementary Medicine (2019), various systems of traditional medicine being used around the world include acupuncture, herbal medicines, indigenous traditional medicine, homeopathy, traditional Chinese medicine, naturopathy, chiropractic, osteopathy, ayurvedic etc..

•  Childish Medicine
•  Natural foods and Herbal
•  Traditional Nutraceuticals
New types of nutraceuticals like gummies, jellies, and soft gels are also coming into the market. Preference for these variants is growing because they come in various shapes, sizes, flavors, and strengths. Kids are also getting into these nutraceuticals, which is developing the market.
A rise in noncommunicable diseases, high health-care cost, high personnel income, change of lifestyle, thinking pattern of the people and use of nutraceuticals as medicines, misbelief toward conventional medicines, and demand for the convenience are current trends in global nutraceutical industry.

•  Product Launching
•  Global Nutraceutical Market
•  Manufacturing of Nutraceuticals and Functional foods

Agricultural science dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use.

Crop technology is the application of organized and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. Technological interventions like Dwarfing gene, Hybrid Technology, Biotechnology, Seed Technologies and Agronomic Technologies will increase the Crop production.

•  Livestock farming
•  Birds and Pest control
•  Agricultural science and Technology
•  Food and Agricultural products