Janet Jasmin Rodríguez GarcíaCaracas, Central University of Venezuela, Venezuela
Title : Food Security in Venezuela: From Policies to Facts
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved by The General Assembly of the United Nations, recognized food's rights as a Basic Human Right. Consequently, at the national level, programs, norms, and laws were decreed to promote the population's health and nutrition. The 1999 Venezuelan Constitution explicitly included, for the first time, the term "Food Security" in Article 305. Subsequently, the government approved various laws and guidelines to regulate the right to food of the population. However, despite such laws, the well-being of the population has not improved. According to the 2020 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (2020), between 2017 to 2019, the undernourishment prevalence amounted 31.4%. Also, reports from Caritas showed 14.4% of Global Acute Malnutrition in children under five years of age, and 20% of children were at risk of acute malnutrition for the period April-June 2020. Other factors have influenced the actual Venezuelan food insecurity condition. The current severe economic and social crisis has led to a Complex Humanitarian Emergency. This work aimed to consider if decreeing many laws related to food and nutrition is not enough to reduce this scourge, nor is there any guarantee that the Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) of the people would improve.
Janet J. Rodríguez G. has completed her degree in Clinical Nutrition in Endocrinology and Metabolism at the Central University of Venezuela, Caracas Venezuela. She is a clinical dietitian nutritionist, teacher of the Department of Public Health Sciences in the field of Food Hygiene and Food Security since 2007 at that University.
Has a Diploma in Medical Nutritional Therapy, a national certification to teach Courses of Hygiene and Food Handling and Good Manufacturing Practices Course. AIB International.
She attended a course in Ethics in Medicine at the Central University of Venezuela, which is why she is widely considered a bioethicist.
Has participated as a speaker and organizer in various nutrition congresses in Venezuela.
At the University, she is currently conducting research on the pH of food and its effects on health, and participates in Non-Governmental Organizations to support Food Security programs for school children